Pericarpium Papaveris

 

Source
The pericarpium of Papaver somniferum L. family Papaveraceae.

Characteristics
The complete pericarpium appearing elliptical or ovate, cm long, 3-6 cm in diameter. Outer surface yellow-white, smooth, slightly bright, with knife-cut scars; apex with discoidal style remnant, the upper part of which divided into 8-14 radially arranged stigmas; base with remnant fruit stalks; inner surface with diaphragm and small brown-dark tuberdes. Sour and astringent in taste, slightly cold in nature, slightly toxic, and attributive to lung, kidney and large intestine channels.

Indication
1. Astringe the intestine, relieve diarrhea and alleviate pain: For chronic diarrhea and dysentery, or those accompanied with ab dominal pain.
2. Astringe the lung and relieve cough: For chronic cough with little expectoration.

Pharmacological Action
1. Slowing the rate of breathing and depressing the cough reflex, and exerting an antitussive effect.
2. Relaxing the smo9th muscles of gastrointestinal tract and trachea.
3. Being an analgesic acting on the central nervous system.

Administration Decoction: 3-9g.

Caution
Contraindicated for cough and diarrhea with sthenic evil.


   

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