Fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz. or T. chebula Retz. var. tomentella
Kurt., family Combretaceae.
Fruit elliptical or ovate, 2-4 cm long, diameter at the middle 2.0-2.5
yellow-brown or brown, with 5-6 obtuse and longitudinal ridges and irregular
wrinkles; somewhat obtuse at both ends; base with a round fruit stalk
scar. Containing one hard and coarse kernel. Hard in texture. Bitter and
astringent in taste, warrn in nature, and attributive to lung and large
1. Astringe the intestine, relieve and purge the pathogenic agents from
the large intestine: For chronic diarrhea, diarrhea of deficiency-cold
and dampness-heat type. Recently, used singly for acute bacillary dysentery.
Astringe the lung and ease the throat: For chronic cough with hoarse-ness,
and irritation of the throat, used together with Radix Platycodi and Radix
Glycyrrhizae; for dyspnea and cough due to lung-deficiency, used together
with Fructus Schisandrae and Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae; for cough due
to lung-heat, used together with Fructus Trichosanthis and Radix Scuteliariae.
1. Exerting as an astringent for mucosal ulcer in case of enteritis.
2. Chebulin, one of its components, causes relaxation of smooth muscles
similar to papaverine.
3-9g; roasted sample for chronic diarrhea and diarrhea of deficiency-cold
type, otherwise the fresh sample is used; fresh or young fruit kept in
the mouth for sucking for hoarseness of voice and throat disorder.