Fructus Chebulae

 

Source
Fruit of Terminalia chebula Retz. or T. chebula Retz. var. tomentella Kurt., family Combretaceae.

Characteristics
Fruit elliptical or ovate, 2-4 cm long, diameter at the middle 2.0-2.5 cm Surface yellow-brown or brown, with 5-6 obtuse and longitudinal ridges and irregular wrinkles; somewhat obtuse at both ends; base with a round fruit stalk scar. Containing one hard and coarse kernel. Hard in texture. Bitter and astringent in taste, warrn in nature, and attributive to lung and large intestine channels.

Indication
1. Astringe the intestine, relieve and purge the pathogenic agents from the large intestine: For chronic diarrhea, diarrhea of deficiency-cold and dampness-heat type. Recently, used singly for acute bacillary dysentery.
2. Astringe the lung and ease the throat: For chronic cough with hoarse-ness, and irritation of the throat, used together with Radix Platycodi and Radix Glycyrrhizae; for dyspnea and cough due to lung-deficiency, used together with Fructus Schisandrae and Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae; for cough due to lung-heat, used together with Fructus Trichosanthis and Radix Scuteliariae.

Pharmacological Action
1. Exerting as an astringent for mucosal ulcer in case of enteritis.
2. Chebulin, one of its components, causes relaxation of smooth muscles similar to papaverine.

Administration Deoction:
3-9g; roasted sample for chronic diarrhea and diarrhea of deficiency-cold type, otherwise the fresh sample is used; fresh or young fruit kept in the mouth for sucking for hoarseness of voice and throat disorder.


   

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Mr. Wang Tao

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