Fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq., family Zingiberaceae.
Fruit somewhat cambiform, 1.2-2.0 cm long, 1.0-1.3 cm in diameter at the.
middle. Surface of carpodermis grey-brown, with longitudinal vascular
bundles as 13-20 intermittent lines. Apex with remnant of perianth base;
base with residual carpopodium. Carpodermia thin and tough, three lobes
of seed masses inside, each seed mass containing 11 irregular flat-rounded
seedL Acrid in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen and kidney
1. Warm the spleen and preserve saliva: For spleen deficiency with salivation,
usually used together with Radix Codonopsis PilosuIae and Rhizoma Atractylodis
Macrocephalae; for cold-dampness of spleen and kidney manifested as abdominal
pain, vomiting and diarrhea, usually used together with Semen Mynsticcie
and Atractylodis Macrocephalae.
2. Preserve essence and decrease micturition: For deficiency-cold of kidney
energy manifested as nocturnal emission, enuresis, nocturia, or slow and
difficult discharge of urine, usualiy used together with Rhizoma Dioscoreae
and Radix Linderae.
1. Relieving the cyclophosphamide-induced leucopenia in mice.
2. Inhibiting the biosynthesis of prostaglandin.