The pericarpium of Punica granatum L. family Punicaceae.
Pericarpium appearing as broken pieces or as a gourd varying in size,
mm thick, the pieces of the upper end with protruding and cylindrical
persistent calyx. Outer surface red-brown, slightly lustrous, coarse,
and spotted; inner surface in light colour, with depressed diaphragm traces.
Hard and brittle in texture. Fracture surface granular. Sour and astringent
in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to large intestine channel.
1. Astringe the intestine and relieve diarrhea: For chronic diarrhea and
hemafecia and prolapse of rectum attributive to asthenia-syndrome, used
with tonics together; for those with dampness-heat not yet eliminated,
used together with heat-clearing and dampness depriving drugs.
2. Kill parasite: For ascariasis, filariasis and oxyuriasis, used with
Semen Arecae together.
1. Its decoction inhibits the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella
flexneri and Proteus in vitro.
2. Its aqueous infusion inhibits the growth of dermatomyces.