Root of Codonopsis. pilosula (Franch.) Nannf., and other several species
of the same genus, family Companulaceae.
Axial root stout, few of branch roots, long-terete 10-15 cm long, 0.4-2.0
cm in diameter. Cork greyish yellow, lenticellate; root base with numerous
tuberculate stem bases or buds; dense annular marks appearing at the upper
part and spotted fibrous root scars covered with brown sticky material
at the lower. Cross section even or showing radial marks. Soft and tenacious
in texture. Aromatic in odour. Sweet in taste, mild in nature, and attributive
to spleen and lung channels.
Supplement middle-jiao energy, benefit the lung, promote the production
of body fluid, nourish blood:
For insufficiency of middle-jiao energy manifested as poor appetite, loose
stools and fatigue, usually used together with Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephaiae;
for collapse of middle-jiao energy manifested as prolapse of rectum hysteroptosis,
gastroptosis, nephroptosis, etc., used together with Radix Astragali seu
Hedysari, Atractylodis Macrocephatae, Rhizoma
Cimicifugae and Radix Bupleuri;
for deficiency of vital energy and of blood manifested as poor appetite,
fatigue, pale complexion and palpitation;
for metrorrhagia, hypermenorrhea, hematemesis, hemoptysis, and hemafecia
due to the failure of controlling blood by the spleen;
for lung-energy deficiency with dyspnea, cough, shortness of breath and
speaking in a weak voice. Recently,
also used for neurasthenia, anemia, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, anaphylactoid
purpura and thrombocytopenic purpura, usually used together with Astragali
seu Hedysari and Radix Angelicae Sinensis.
Also for skin infection, common cold in energy-deficiency patients, diabetes,
and febrile diseases with consumption of body fluid and thirst.
1. Promoting phagocytosis.
2. Increasing the tolerance of hyperthermia, hypothermia, anoxia and X-ray
radiation in mice.