Rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, family Compositae
Rhizome appearing as irregular masses, 3-13 cm long, 1.5-7.0 cm broad:
grey-yellow, nodes indistinct, with tubercular protuberances and fibrous
root scars, stem bases and bud scars remaining at the upper end. Section
loose, with spotted and scattered brown secretory cavities. Aromatic in
odour. Sweet and bitter in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen
and stomach channels.
1. Invigorate the spleen and benefit vital energy: For deficiency of spleen-energy
and stomach-energy, or yang-deficiency manifested as poor appetite, loose
stools, diarrhea, fatigue, cold limbs, pale tongue, etc., usually used
together with Radix Codonopsis Ptlosutae or Rhizoma Zingibens.
2. Deprive dampness and promote diuresis: For phlegm4etention syndrome
with dizziness or cough and thin expectoration, usually used together
with Ramulus Cinnamomi, Poria and Radix Glycyrrhizae (Decoction of Poria,
Ramulus CInnamomi and Glycyrrhizae); also for edema of spleen-deficiency
type, arthralgia of wind-cold-dampness type.
3. Strengthen the superficies and stop sweating: For superficies-asthenia
with spontaneous sweating, usually used together with Radix Astragali
4. Soothe the fetus: For threatened abortion due to spleen-deficiency
morning sickness, usually used together with Fructus Amomi or Radix Scutellariae,
for abnormal fetal position, usually used together with Radix Angelicae
Sinensis, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Poria and
Rhizoma Alismatis (Powder of Angelicae Sinensis and Paeoniae).
1. Promotes phagocytosis and the function of adrenal cortex.
2. Protects the liver and increases the secretion of gastric juice.