Rhizoma Atractylodis
Macrocephalae

 

Source
Rhizome of Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, family Compositae

Characteristics
Rhizome appearing as irregular masses, 3-13 cm long, 1.5-7.0 cm broad: Surface grey-yellow, nodes indistinct, with tubercular protuberances and fibrous root scars, stem bases and bud scars remaining at the upper end. Section loose, with spotted and scattered brown secretory cavities. Aromatic in odour. Sweet and bitter in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen and stomach channels.

Indication
1. Invigorate the spleen and benefit vital energy: For deficiency of spleen-energy and stomach-energy, or yang-deficiency manifested as poor appetite, loose stools, diarrhea, fatigue, cold limbs, pale tongue, etc., usually used together with Radix Codonopsis Ptlosutae or Rhizoma Zingibens.
2. Deprive dampness and promote diuresis: For phlegm4etention syndrome with dizziness or cough and thin expectoration, usually used together with Ramulus Cinnamomi, Poria and Radix Glycyrrhizae (Decoction of Poria, Ramulus CInnamomi and Glycyrrhizae); also for edema of spleen-deficiency type, arthralgia of wind-cold-dampness type.
3. Strengthen the superficies and stop sweating: For superficies-asthenia with spontaneous sweating, usually used together with Radix Astragali seu Hedysari.
4. Soothe the fetus: For threatened abortion due to spleen-deficiency and morning sickness, usually used together with Fructus Amomi or Radix Scutellariae, for abnormal fetal position, usually used together with Radix Angelicae Sinensis, Rhizoma Ligustici Chuanxiong, Radix Paeoniae Alba, Poria and Rhizoma Alismatis (Powder of Angelicae Sinensis and Paeoniae).

Pharmacolegical Action
1. Promotes phagocytosis and the function of adrenal cortex.
2. Protects the liver and increases the secretion of gastric juice.

Administration Decoction: 6-15g.


   

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