Fructus Ligustri Lucidi


Fruit of Ligustrum lucidum Ait., family Oleaceae.

Fruit elliptical or reniform, 6.0-8.5 mm long, 3.5-5.5 mm in diameter. Surface purple-dark, irregularly wrinkled. Pericarp thin, easily to be separated; pulp loose and 50ff; kernel yellow-brown, with longitudinal ridges, containing one seed. Sweet and bitter in taste, slightly cold in nature, and attributive to liver and kidney channels.

1. Tonify the liver and the kidney, darken the hair and pmmote the visual acuity: For deficiency of liver-yin and kidneyyin manifested as dizziness, tinnitus, blurring of vision, weakness of the loin and knees, hectic fever, noctumal emission, alopecia and poliosis, usually used with Herba Ecliptae (Erzhi Pill). Recently also used for seborrheic alopecia, central retinitis, early cataract, etc.
2.Tranquilize the mind by nourishing the heart: For insufficiency of laurt-yin manifested as insomnia, palpitation and precordial pain. Recently, also used for angina pectoris, hyperlipemia and neurasthenia, especially those of yin-deficiency type. In addition, also used for leukocytopenia, viral hepatitis with yin-deficiency syndrome; its component oleanolic acid for various kinds of hepatitis

PharmacacoIogical Action
1. Its component oleanolic acid can prevent and relieve cyclophosphamide-induced leukocytopenia in mice.
2. Enhancing the anoxia tolerance of mice under atmospheric pressure.
3. Incresing coronary flow in rabbits in vitro.
4. Relaxing adrenaline-induced vasocontriction in rabbits in vitro.
5. Lowering the level of blood lipid.

Administration Decoction:
9-15g. Oleanolic acid tablet: 30-40 mg tid.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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