Radix Ginseng


The root (or with rhizome) of Panax ginseng C.A. Mey., family Araliaceae.

1. Dried wild ginseng: Axial root short and broad, often bifurcate, 2-10 cm long, greyish yellow-white; cork lenticellate and longitudinally striped, with annular marks at the upper part. Fibrous root numerous, slender, with granular protuberances. Rhizome slender, somewhate curved, oembium visible. Hard in texture.
2. Dried cultivated ginseng: Axial root about 15 cm long, 1-2 cm in diameter, with 2-3 branches and few fibrous roots, sometime with granular pmtuberances, and slender adventitious roots.
3. Steamed and dried cultivated ginseng: Axial root terete, 10 cm long, remained with 2-3 branches, translucent, reddish brown. Section even, flat and corneou~ All are sweet and slightly bitter in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen, lung and heart channels.

1. Invigorate vital energy and relieve collapse-syndrome: For collapse-syndrome with listlessness, weak respiration and indistinct pulse; single use for exhaustion of vital energy or blood (Decoction of Ginseng); for yin-exhaustion, used together with Radix Ophiopogonis, Fructus Schtsandrae (Powder for Restoring Pulse Beating); for yang-exhaustion, used together with Radix Aconiti Praeparata (Decoction of Ginseng and Aconiti Praeparata). Recently, also used for heart failure and shock.
2. Invigorate spleen-energy: For spleen-deficiency syndrome manifested as poor appetite, fatigue and emaciation, hemorrhagic diseases, prolapse of uterus and rectum, visceroptosis and anemia.
3. Promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst: For febrile diseases with consumption of body fluid, and diabetes.
4. Invigorate lung-energy: For deficiency of lung-energy manifested as shortness of breath, dyspnea, cough, night sweat, and susceptibility to comnion cold.
5. Invigorate wei-energy: For common cold in debilitated patient, pyogenic skin infection and carbuncle of yin type.
6. Supplement vital energy and calm the mind: For deficiency of heart energy manifested as palpitation, amnesia, insomnia, absent-mindedness, spontaneous perspiration, cardiodyriia, etc. In addition, also for impotence, sterility, emission, ejaculatio praecox, enuresis, etc.

Pharmacological Action
It contains many ginsenosides, such as ginsenoside R0, Ra, Rbl, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rgi, Rg2, Rg3, etc.
1. Acting on the central nervous system including excitation and inhibition processes.
2. Exerting significant cardiotonic and hypertensive effects on acute circulatory failure after heavy blood loss.
3. Decreasing the level of blood sugar.
4. Promoting phagocytosis and enhancing lymphocyte-blastogenesis rate.

Administration Decoction: 3-9g; 10-20g for shock.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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