Herba Sarcandrae


The whole plant of Sarcandra glabra (Thunb.) Nakai, family Chloranthaceae.

A herb or subshrub. Stem node enlarged. leaves opposite, coriaceous, elliptical, a ring of leaf sheath scars remained under the node after the dropping of leaves. Spike terminal, more or less branched, without perianth, a stamen growing on one side of the globular pistil. Drupe globular and red. Bitter and sweet in taste, slightly warm in nature, and attributive to lung, stomach and liver channels.

1. Clear away heat and toxic material: For carbuncle due to intensive heat, aphthae, gingivitis, dysentery, filariasis, etc.
2. Promote blood circulation and remove blood stasis, expel wind and dredge channels: For trauma, rheumatism, stomachache. Recently, used for rheumatoid arthritis, coronary heart diseases and angina pectoris.
3. Clear away heat-phlegm: For cough due to lung-heat and dyspnea.
4. Antitumorigenic: For tumour of digestive system, lung cancer, leukemia, etc.

Pharmacological Action
1. Inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhosa and various Shigella dysenteriae in vitro.
2. Nonspecific anti-inflammatory and promoting the repair of gastric ulcer.
3. Its volatile oil and flavones inhibit sarcoma180 and leukemia615, and the former destroys directly the cells of leukemia615 in vitro.
4. Protecting the ischemic myocardium caused by pituitrin in rabbits and increasing the anoxia tolerance under atmosphere in mice.

Administration Decoction:
Tablet (containing 2.5g of crude herb): 4-6 tablets tid.
Ampoule (2 ml containing 10g of crude herb): 24 ml IM or IV bid or tid.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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