Fructus Meliae Toosendan

 

Source
Fruit of Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc., family Meliaceae.

Characteristics
Fruit globular, 2.0-3.5 cm in diameter, with style trace at the top and fruit stalk trace at the base. Exocarp golden yellow, slightly lustrous, coriaceous, with dark brownish spots and shrinkage depressions. A spheroidal and hard kernel appearing inside, with 6-8 longitudinal ridges. Bitter in taste, cold in nature, slightly toxic, and attributive to liver, small intestine and urinary bladder channels.

Indication
1. Parasiticidal: For ascariasis, usually used together with Semen Arecae and Fructus Quisqualis.
2. Activate vital energy to relieve pain: For stagnation of liver-energy and involvement of the stomach by the hyperactivity of liver-energy manifested as hypochondriac pain, stomachache, abdominal pain and hernia, used with Rhizoma Corydalis; for those with cold-syndrome, used with Fructus Foeniculi and Fructus Ez'odiae. Furgicidal: For tinea capitis (external use).

Pharmacological Action
1. Its component toosendanin can expel ascarides from the intestine.
2. Inhibiting the growth of some kinds of fungi.

Administration Decoction: 5-10g.
External use: Appropriate arnount.

Caution
Its component toosendanin is toxic and may cause dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or even dyspnea, palpitation and death. Large dosage and prolonged use are prohibited.


   

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Mr. Wang Tao

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