Fructus Crataegi

 

Source
Fruit of Crataegus pinnatifida Bunge, and C cuneata Sieb. et Zucc., family Rosaceae.

Characterisitcs
C. pinnatifida: Fruit spheroidal, 1.0-2.5 cm in diameter; exocarp red, wrinkled, with grey-white small spots; calyx remnant appearing at the top, and stalk remnant at base of the fruit. Prepared as thin pieces 0.2-0.4 cm in thickness; pulp light brown-red. Cross section showing a 5-celled ovary in the middle, with hard wall, containing 1 seed in each cell or the seed already dropped. Delicate fragrance in odour. C. cuneata: Fruit spheroidal, smaller than the former, 0.8-1.4 cm in diameter, exocarp brown red, with shallow wrinkles; the top depressed, with remains of calyx, and the base remained with fruit stalk. Both are sour and sweet in taste, slightly warm in nature, and attributive to spleen, stomach and liver channels.

Indication
1. Strengthen the stomach and improve digestion: For dyspepsia,. especially over feeding in infants and immoderate eating of meats.
2. Relieve diarrhea and dysentery: Especially for those caused by immoderate eating and drinking.
3. Promote blood circulation and disperse blood stasis: For blood-stasis syndrome manifested as amenia, postpartum abdominal pain with lochiostasis, angina pectoris, polyp of vocal cord; also for inguinal hernia or swelling of testis with bearing-down pain, hepatosplenomegaly,. and cystic hyperplasia of the breast.
4. Lower blood pressure and the level of blood lipids: For hypertension and hyperlipidemia.

Phamiacological Action
1. Its active component, triterpenic acid, increases coronary flow and improves systemic circulation.
2. Exerting prolonged hypotensive effect in anesthetized animals.
3. Counteracting the arrhythmias induced by pituitrin in rabbits.
4. Lower the level of serum cholesterol and B-lipoprotein in experimental animals with hyperlipidemia.
5. Digestant.

Administration Decoction:
6-12g; 30-60g for amenia, angina pectoris, polyp of vocal cord, hypertension and hyperlipidemia; also as gargle for polyp of vocal cord.


   

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