Cornu Saigae Tataricae

 

Source
The horn of Saiga tatarica LL family Bovidae.

Characteristics
The horn long-conical, somewhat curved, top acute, base broad, 20-40 cm long, base 4-7 cm in diameter, bright as jade, jade-white to yellow-white, slightly transparent; surface fmely and longitudinally wrinkled, bearing 10-20 protruding rings except a short section of the upper end, dull and non-transparent, bony structure occupying 1/2 to 1/3 of the interior, with many longitudinal grooves on the surface. A fine canal in the non-bony part up to the tip of the horn seen through the light. Hard in texture. Prepared as slices or powder. Salty in taste, cold in nature, and attributive to liver and heart channels.

Indication
1. Clear away heat and calm the liver, expel wind and relieve spasm: For heat syndrome with convulsion, hyperactivity or wind transformation of liver-yang with d~ziness, numbness and tremor of extremities and convulsion, usually used together with Ramulus Uncanae cum Uncis and Rhizoma Gastrndiae; for severe liver-fire syndrome manifested as epilepsy and insanity, used together With Lumbricus and Bombyx Batrytloatus.
2. Clear away liver-fire to improve visual acuity: For conjunctivitis and headache, usually used together with Flos Chryscinthem Spica Prunellae.
3. Clear away heat and toxic material: For febrile diseases with coma, delirium aild mania.

Pharmacological Action
1. Intraperitoneal injection of its alcoholic extract (0.05mg/g) exerts sedative effect in mice.
2. Its alcoholic extract and hydrolysate lower vaccine-induced fever in rabbits.
3. Analgesic, anti-convulsive and hypotensive.

Administration Decoction:
l-3g as slices decocted separately. Juice: 0.5-1.0g prepared by grinding.
Powder: 0.5-1.0g.

Caution
Cornu Saigae Tataricae is rare and precious and the Cornu Procaprae Gutturosae and Cornu Caprae may be used as substitutes since their antipyretic, sedative, anti-convulsive, hypotensive and analgesic effects are similar.


   

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