The whole body of Buthus martensii Karsch, family Buthidae.
The whole body composed of head, thorax, anterior and posterior abdomen,
about 6 cm long, brown in colour. Head, thorax and anterior abdomen flat-elliptical,
posterior abdomen appearing as a long-shaped. A pair of chelae and a pair
of long large chelicerae growing at the front of the head and thorax,
and four pairs of segmental cheliped at the anterior abdomen. Seven segments
appearing at the anterior abdomen and six at the posterior abdomen, with
a sharp hooked spine at the last segment which can release poison. Sweet
and acrid in taste, mild in nature, toxic, and attributive to liver channel.
1. Expel wind and relieve spasm: For tetanus, acute and chronic infantile
convulsion, apoplexy, with distortion of the face, usually used together
with Scolopendra (Powder for Spasmolysis); for heat-syndrome with convulsion,
used together with Lumbricus and Ramulus Uncaricie cum Uncis.
Dredge the meridian and alleviate pain: For headache of head-wind or blood-stasis
type, rheumatism, etc.
3. Remove toxic material and disperse the lumps: For skin infection, scrofula
and subcutaneous nodes.
1. Anti-convulsive and sedative.
2. Exerting significant and prolonged hypotensive effect.
3. Buthotoxin can induce respiratory paralysis, salivation and convulsion.
2-5g. Powder: 0.6-1.0g bid or tid.