Semen Armeniacae Amarum

 

Source
Seed of Prunus armeniaca L. var. ansa Maxim. or P. anneniaca L., family Rosaceae.

Characteristics
Seed cordate, 1.0-1.7 cm long; coats brown, base obtuse-round and thick, unequal at both sides, several vascular bundles radiating longitudinally from the basal chalaza towards the apex; apex acute, with hilum. Bitter in taste, warm in nature, slightly toxic, and attributive to lung and large intestine channels.

Indication
1. Relieve cough and dyspnea: For wind-heat type cough, used together with Folium Mon and Radix Glycyrrhizae; for wind-cold type, used together with Herba Ephedrae and Glycyrrhizae; f6r dryness-heat type, used together with Folium Mon and Radix AdenophoraeSmctae. Also for dyspnea due to failure of descending of lung-energy; for that of wind-cold type, used together with Ephedrae, Ramulus Cinnamoni and Glycyrrhizae; for that of wind-heat type, used together with Ephedrae, Gyspum. Fibrosum and Glycyrrhizae. For chronic cough in the aged, may be taken after stewed with crystal sugar.
2. Moisturize the intestine and relax the bowels: For constipation due to dryness of intestine.

Pharmacological Action
1. Amygdalin, one of its components, is an antitussive. Over dosage may cause dizziness, headache and vomiting.
2. Its decoction exerts an hypotensive effect in experimental animals.

Administration Decoction:
3-9g (crushed before decocting).


   

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Mr. Wang Tao

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