Semen Plantaginis


Seed of Plantago asiatica L. and other species of the same genus, family Plantaginaceae

Seed fine and small, oblate with dark brown surface, fine wrinkles under magnifier and concave spotted hilum appearing on the flat side. Sweet in taste, cold in nature, and attributive to lung, urinary bladder, small intestine, kidney and liver channels.

1. Clear away heat, promote diuresis and relieve stranguria: For stranguria of heattype dr of urinary stone origin, edema and diarrhea of dampness-heat or summer-heat and dampness type.
2. Clear away heat to improve visual acuity: For conjunctivitis of liverheat origin; for dim eyesight due to liver-deficiency, used together with liver-nourishing herbs, such as Radix Rehmanniae Praeparatae and Semen Cuscutae.
3. Eliminate sputum and relieve cough: For cough of lung-heat type.

Pharmacological Action
1. Diuretic.
2. Expectorant and antitussive.

Administration Decoction:
3-15g (wrapped with cloth for boiling).

Herba Plantaginis is similar to Semen Plantaginis in its indication but more effective for clearing away heat, usually used for stranguria of heat type, dysentery and jaundice of dampness-heat type. Recently used individually for acute bacillary dysentery, acute infectious hepatitis and acute tonsillitis. It is administrated as decoction with a daily dose of 60-90g.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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