Rhizome of Smilax china L., family Liliaceae.
Rhizome irregular, 5-15 cm long; cork grey-red-brown, with uneven surface
and scars of fibrous roots. Section brown-red, showing much woody fibers
and less farinaceous. Sweet and sour in taste, mild in nature, and attributive
to liver and kidney channels.
1. Expel wind-dampness and alleviate pain: For arthralgia of wind-dampness
type, lumbago and pain of the lower extremitieL Recently, the herb cooked
with pig's leg is used for sciatica and rheumatic arthritis; also for
stranguria with turbid urine, and leukorrhagia.
2. Clear away toxic material and relieve swelling: For skin infection,
psoriasis and bum (external use as well); also for dysentery of dampness-heat
type. In addition, treatment for tumour of digestive tract is on trial.
Inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and Flexner's bacillus.