Root of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen, family Araliaceae.
Root somewhat conical, 1-6 cm long, 1-4 cm in diameter. Surface grey-yellow,
Waxily lustrous, with caudex at the apex and tubercular branch root
scars at the upper part. Cross section grey-yellow-white, showing brown
resin spots on the epidermis, and radial striae in the central xylem.
Sweet and slightly bitter in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to
liver and stomach channels.
Promote blood circulation to remove blood stasis, stop bleeding, relieve
swelling and alleviate pain: For various kinds of bleeding due to trauma
and blood-stasis syndrome, such as hematemesis, hemoptysis, metrorrhagia,
hematuria, hemafecia and epistaxis, which manifested as dark petechia,
localized pain, dull-coloured tongue with petechiae, etc. For amenia,
menalgia, and trauma with blood-stasis syndrome. Recently also used for
coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, hyperlipemia, chronic infectious
Flavonoicl glycoside, one of its components, increases coronary flow,
reduces myocardial oxygen consumption and lowers arterial pressure.
2. Cardiotonic on frog's hearts in vitro; low concentration of its extract
exerts a vasoconstrictive effect on the vessels of frog's leg and high
3. Its liquid extract shortens clotting time and exerts hemostatic effect
Powder: 2-5g once or twice daily.