The whole body of Whitmania pigra (Whitman), and several species of the
same family, family Hirudinidae.
flat-cambiform, somewhat curve, dorsally convex, ventrally flat, 5-9 cm
long. Surface yellowish brown to darkish brown, with striae and spots
on the back and many transverse ring nodes arid a small round-anterior
sucker and a large posterior sucker. Salty and bitter in taste, mild in
nature, and attributive to liver and urinary bladder channels.
1. Remove blood stasis: For blood-stasis syndrome with amenia, abdominal
mass, and trauma. Recently, single use for angina pectoris, and for pulmonary
heart diseases as subsidiary therapy.
2. Remove nebula to improve visual acuity: Eyedrops for acute conjunctivitis
and nebula. Pharmacological Action One of its components, hirudin, is
Powder: 1.5-3.0g bid or tid. Eyedrops; Infusion of alive leech in three
fold amount of honey.
Contraindicated for women during menstruation and pregnancy, and bleeding
without blood stasis.