Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae

 

Source
The root and rhizome of Salvia miltiorrhizd Bunge, family Labiatae.

Characteristics
Rhizome appearing as irregular masses with several hairy roots growing at the lower part. Root 20-30 cm long and 0.5-1.0 cm in diameter; surface red, often presenting scaly exfoliation. Prepared as segments, the section showing several rectangular vascular bundles in radial arrangement. Bitter in taste; slightly cold in nature, and attributive to heart, pericardium and liver channels.

Indication
1. Promote blooci circulation to remove blood stasis: For cardiodynia, hypochondriac pain, abdominal pain, stomachache, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, lochiorrhea and trauma with blood stasis, used together with Radix Angelicae Sinensis and Olibanum. Recently also used for ischemic apoplexy, disseminated intravascular coagulation, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, etc.
2. Clear away heat, relieve vexation, nourish blood and tranquilize the mind: For seasonal febrile diseases involving yingfen and xuefen manifested as high fever, irritability, delirium and skin eruptions, usually used together with Cornu Rhinoceri, Radix Scrophulariae and Rhizoma Coptidis; for insanity attributive to blood stasis and heat, used together with Lumbncus; also for restlessness, frightening and insomnia due to heart-heat or insufficiency of heart-blood.
3. Cool the blood to relieve carbuncle: For carbuncles and pharyngitis.

Pharmacological Action
1. Its component tanshinone acts as a broad-spectrum bactericide, and also can dilate coronary artery and increase coronary flow.
2. Action on various blood clotting factors, increasing the level of cAMP in thrombocytes, inhibiting the aggregation of platelets, improving the rheological state of blood so as to impede the formation of thrombus.

Administration Decoction: 6-15g.


   

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