Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis
The fruit of Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingly, family Rutaceae.
Fruit oblong, 8-15 cm long, 4-8 cm broad, surface yellow, base obtuse-rounded,
the upper part divided into 4-8 strips like fingers, the whole shape appearing
as a hand. Prepared as slices. Exocarp thin; mesocarp well-developed,
white, and loose; endocarp degenerated. Aromatic in odour. Acrid, bitter
and sour in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to liver, spleen and
1. Disperse the stagnated liver energy, activate vital energy circula-
tion and alleviate pain: For stagnation of liver energy with distension
and pain of the hypochondria and breast, dysmenorrhea or irregular menstruation,
especially for those with insufficiency of liver-yin.
2. Regulate the stomach and strengthen the spleen: For spleen hypofunction
and stagnation of vital energy with pain and fullness of the upper abdomen,
and poor appetite.
Activate vital energy circulation and eliminate phlegm: For phlegm-dampness
syndrome with productive cough and dyspnea.
1. Its alcoholic extract relaxes the spasm of smooth muscles of gastrointestine,
gallbladder and bronchus.
2. Its volatile oil is an expectorant and antiasthmatic.
3. Its alcoholic extract inhibits the heart and lowers blood pressure
in anesthetized cats.