Fructus Amomi

 

Source
The fruit of Amomum villosum Lour. or A. longiligutare T.L Wu, family Zingiberaceae.

Characteristics
Fruit oblong, 1.5-2.0 cm long. Surface brown, obtusely or obviously trigonous, densely covered with soft thorns or flaky branching soft thorns; fruit stalk remained at the base; 3-celled inside, each cell containing a seed mass, each mass comsisting of 5-17 polyhedral seeds. Aromatic in odour. Acrid in taste, warm in nature, and attributive to spleen, stomach and kidney channels.

Indication
1. Eliminate dampness and promote the circulation of vital energy, strengthen the stomach and stop vomiting: For dampness-syndrome involving spleen-yang and stagnation of spleen energy and stomach energy with feeling of fullness and distending pain in the chest and upper abdomen and loss of appetite; for deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach or dampness-stagnation syndrome with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain.
2. Prevent miscarriage: For threatened abortion due to stagnation of vital energy.

Pharmacological Action
1. Its decoction lower than 1% concentration stimulates and that higher than 1% or the saturated solution of its volatile oil inhibits the intestines of guinea-pigs in vitro.
2. Its volatile oil acts as stomachic tonic and exaggerates the discharge of flatus.

Administration Decoction: 3-10g (decocted later).


   

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Mr. Wang Tao

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