The root tuber of Euphorbia kansui T.N. Liou ex T.P. Wang, family Euphorbiaceae.
Root tuber elliptical, catenulate or oblong, 1-5 cm long and 0.3-1.5 cm
diameter. The surface without cork appearing yellow-white, that with cork
yellow-borwn. Brittle in texture, easily broken; fracture white and powdery,
with vascular bundles of wood, showing fine radial grains. Bitter in taste,
cold in nature, toxic, and attributive to lung, kidney and large intestine
1. Purge heat and relax the bowels: For sthenia-heat syndrome with constipation,
abdominal pain and distention. Recently, used for adhesive and functional
ileus; for intestinal cleaning before abdominal operation and X-ray examination;
and for abdominal distension or constipation after obstetrical operation.
Purge and eliminate the retention of phlegm: For hydrothorax and ascites,
such as pleurisy with effusion, hepatocirrhosis with ascites or edem~;
for sthenia-syndrome, used together with Radix Euphorbiae Pekinensis,
Ros Genkwa and Fructus Ziziphi Jujubae (Decoction of Ziziphi Jujubae).
3. Relieve swelling and disperse lumps: External use for skin infection
of dampness-heat type and mumps.
1. Purgative effect on mice by both fresh and prepared products, but the
latter being more potent.
2. Kansuinine A and B are analgesic.
Pill or powder: 0.3-1.0g 1-3 times daily. External use: Appropriate amount.
This medicine may cause vomiting, abdominal pain, and sometimes hematuria.
It is contraindicated for pregnant women, patients with cardiac failure
and general debility