Herb of Patrinia villosa Juss. or P. scabiosaefolia Fisch., family Valerianaceae.
Herb, over 1 meter tall. Rhizome with numerous stout roots. Basal leaves
clustered, long-elliptical, with 1-4 pairs of pinnate lobes and winged
petiole; stem leaves opposite, elliptical, entire; the leaves of P. scabiosaefolia
pinnately lobed. The commodities usually without flowers, those with flowers
are corymb, white or yellow. With a peculiar smell. Both are acrid and
bitter in taste, cool in nature, and attributive to stomach, large intestine
and liver channels.
1. Clear away heat and toxic material, relieve abscess and pr~ mote pus
drainage: For acute appendicitis, pulmonary abscess and skin infection.
Recently also for pancreatitis, tonsillitis; P. vilosa also used for influenza,
while P scabiosaefolia for snake bite.
2. Remove blood stasis and alleviate pain: For postpartum abdominal pain
and menorrhalgia due to blood stasis, chest pain, etc.
Tranquilizing: For vexation, insomnia, insanity.
1. Two active components, patrinene and isopatrinene, possess sedative
2. Promote regeneration of hepatic cells and portal circulation, protect
hepatic cells from degeneration and improve hepatic function.
Decoction: 9-30g up to 30-90g for single dose. Tablet (for tranquilizing):
2-3 tablets (each contains 1 g of crude drug) bid or tid.