The root of hex. arprella (Hook. et Am.) Champ. ex Benth., family Aquifoliaceae.
Crude drugs woody root, axial and lateral roots obviously branching, up
to 30 cm in length; root cortex yellow-white to light brown, even and
smooth. Prepared as irregular masses, cross section showing slender and
dense radial bundles. Bitter and sweet in taste, cool in nature.
1. Clear away heat and toxic materials, promote production of body fluid
and ease the throat: For common cold of wind-heat type, summer-heat syndrome,
seasonal febrile disease with fever, headache and thirst and sorethroat,
c6ugh due to lung-heat, etc.
2. Disperse blood stasis and alleviate pain: For arthralgia of wind-dampness-heat
type. Recently, also for angina pectoris.
Increasing coronary flow and myocardial contractility in guinea-pigs in