Fructus Gardeniae


Fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis var. radicans (Thunb.) Makino, family Rubiaceae.

Fruit elliptical, 1.5-3.5 cm long, red-yellow, with six winged longitudinal angularities; remnant of sepal at the top; base acuminate and thin, with remnant of fruit stalk. Three pseudo-membranes seen when cut open. Seeds flat-ovate, deep red, numerous and gathering into masses. Bitter in taste, cold in nature, and attributive to liver, lung, stomach and triple-jiao channels.

1. Purge sthenic fire to relieve vexation: For febrile diseases with irritability, insomnia, and even high fever, coma and delirium.
2. Clear away heat and promote diuresis: For jaundice and stranguria of dampness-heat type.
3. Clear away heat and toxic materials: For skin infection of intense heat type, erysipelas, burn and conjunctivitis.
4. Cool the blood and stop bleeding: For heat-syndrome with hematemesis, hemoptysis, epistaxis, hematuria, hemafecia, metrorrhagia, etc.
5. Remove blood stasis and alleviate pain: For trauma with local swelling and pain (external use).

Pharmacological Action
1. The active such as crocin, crocetin, genipin, or alcoholic extract protect the liver from carbon tetrachloride and increase biliary secretion. Oral use of its decoction induce gailbaladder contraction.
2. Oral or intraperitoneal use of its decoction and alcoholic extract exerts a sustained hypotensive effect in anaesthetized and un-anaesthetized animals.
3. Hemostatic.

Administration Decoction: 3-9g. External use: appropriate amount.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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