Rhizome of Paris polyphylla Smith, family Liliaceae.
crude drug is long-linear or rounded and slightly flat, somewhat curved,
5-12 cm long 1.5-3.0 cm in diameter. The nodes of the rhizome obviously
protruded, on which there are concave rounded stem scars, and fibrous
root traces beneath the node. Surface grey-brown, section yellow-white,
farinaceous. Bitter in taste, slightly cold in nature, mildly toxic, and
attributive to liver channel.
1. Clear away heat and toxic material: Mostly for sorethroat, skin infection,
snake bite, insect bite, etc., also for febrile diseases with intense
heat-toxic or convulsion.
2. Alleviate cough and dyspnea: For cough and dyspnea of heat type.
3. Expel wind to relieve spasm: For convulsion due to high fever, especially
for infantile convulsion.
4. Remove blood stasis, alleviate pain and stop bleeding: For ecchymosis
bleeding resulting from trauma.
1. Virustatic, esp. on Asia influenza A virus, and bacteriostatic.
2. Antitussive and antiasthmatic.
3. An active component, pariphyflin, exerts a sedative effect on mice
and is synergistic with pentobarbital sodium.
4. Pariphyllin inhibits uterocervical carcinoma14 in mice.