Herba Alternantherae


The whole plant of Alterrianthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb., family Amaranthaceae.

A herblet. Stem circular, branching, with nodal fibrous roots at the lower part, hollow in section. Leaves opposite, sessile, blades long-circular to oblanceolate, 2-6 cm long. Capitulum terminal, axillary, spherical; stalks 1 cm long; flower small, numerous, clustered and white. Bitter in taste and cold in nature.

Clear away heat and toxic materials, promote diuresis: For heat-syndrome, intense heat-syndrome and dampness-heat syndrome. Recently, for preventing and treating influenza and measles, and for treating encephalitis B, epidemic hemorrhagic fever, viral hepatitis; eyedrops for epidemic conjunctivitis and viral keratitis; local application for herpes zoster. Also for furuncle, snake bite, stranguria with turbid urine, etc.

Pharmacological Action
Its injection inhibits the growth of Asia influenza A virus, encephalitis B virus and rabies virus in vitro.

For prevention of influenza: 15-30g prepared as decoction for 3 days, repeat the same course at an interval of 1 week.
For measles: Daily dose 100-200g prepared as decoction, taken 34 times dividedly.
For encephalitis B and epidemic hemorrhagic fever: 500-1000g of crude drug decocted into solution for oral use or 500% solution for IV mixed with 10% glucose solution in drips, with a dose of 20g/kg, the maximum dose should be less than 1000g.
For eye disease: 100% solution prepared as eyedrops.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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