The herbaceous stem of Ephedra sinica Stapf, E. intermedia Schrenk et
C.A. Mey. and E. equisetina Bunge, family Ephedraceae.
slender-cylindrical, branching; bark yellow-green finely and longitudinally
ridges; nodes noticeable, with membranous scale leaves; dull red pith
seen at the cut surface. Acrid and slightly bitter in taste, warm in nature,
and attributive to lung and urinary bladder channels.
1. Induce sweating to expel the exogenous evils from the body surface:
For common cold of wind-cold type with superficial sthenia syndrome manifested
as chilliness, moderate fever and anhidrosis.
2. Open the inhibited lung-energy and relieve dyspnea: For cough and dyspnea
due to wind-cold and stagnation of lung-energy. Usually used together
with Semen Armeniacae Amarum and Radix Glycyrrhizae.
3. Promote diuresis to reduce edema: For edema, especially in the upper
half of the body or those with superficial wind-cold syndrome.
4. Open the nasal passage, let out the skin eruptions, and alleviate itching:
For stuffy nose, allergic rhinitis, urticaria attributive to invasion
of wind cold, and incomplete measles eruption.
is the main active component.
1. Its effects on cardiovascular system are similar to epinephrine in
many aspects, but persist seven to ten times longer. The myocardial contractility
and cardiac output are augmented and cardiac, cerebral and muscular blood
flows are increased.
2. Its bronchodilative effect is less prominent but more sustained than
3. Mydriatic upon local application to the eye.
4. Antipyretic, diaphoretic and diuretic.
Decoction: 3-10g. Ephedrine tablet: 25-30mg tid. Pseudo Ephedrine
tablet: 30mg tid.