Fructus Arctii

Fruit of Arctium lappa L., family Compositae

Achene long-ovate, flat-truncate at both ends, grey-brown, marked by purple-black spots and 5-8 longitudinal ridges, with fruit stalk traces at the broader end. Acrid and bitter in taste, cold in nature, and attributive to lung and stomach channels.

Expel wind and heat, eliminate the phlegm and relieve cough, let out the skin eruption and alleviate itching, ease the throat and clear away the toxic materials: For common cold and cough of wind-heat type, usually used together with Herba Menthae, Radix Piatycodi, Radix Glycyrrhizae, etc.; also for eruptive diseases with incomplete eruption, pharyngitis and skin infection.

Pharmacological Action
I. Its extract exerts a significant and prolonged effect of lowering blood sugar in rats.
2. Mildly diuretic and laxative.
3. An active component, arctiin, can induce tonic convulsion, feeble respiration and eventually paralysis in frogs, mice and rabbits.

Administration Decoction: 3-10g.


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Mr. Wang Tao

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